International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development

International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development

( International Peer Reviewed Open Access Journal ) ISSN [ Online ] : 2581 - 7175

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Aatma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan and the Role of Women Entrepreneurs in India

    International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED)

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Published Issue : Volume-3 Issue-6
Year of Publication : 2020
Unique Identification Number : IJSRED-V3I6P48
Authors : Dr.Satya Narayan Bag, Mrs.Chandrima Sinha Roy, Mrs.Swampa Bhowmik
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Abstract :

Women Entrepreneurs may be defined as the women or a group of women who initiate, organize and operate a business enterprise. A woman entrepreneur is therefore a confident, creative and innovative woman desiring economic independence individually and simultaneously creating employment opportunities for others. The share of male entrepreneurs in India from the year 2015 to 2019 was 78.4 % , whereas women entrepreneurs in India on the same period was 21.6%. Women entrepreneurs share in Micro enterprise was 90.33 % , small enterprise 9.45 % and Medium enterprise 0.22% in the last five years. Micro and Small enterprise registration has been increasing from the year 2015-16 to 2018-19. women entrepreneur in Maharashtra has highest contribution in Micro, Small and Medium size enterprise established in the year 2019-20. It is found that, total number of agricultural establishments were 2.76 million constituting 34.3% of the total establishments owned by women, whereas, about 5.29 million establishments (65.7%) were involved in non-agricultural activities of Women entrepreneurs. It has been found that 89.4 % of the workers work in perennial establishments and 8.95% work in seasonal establishments and remaining 1.6% works in casual establishments. Almost 79% of the women establishments were self-financed The second important source i.e. donation or transfer from other agencies contributed 14.65%. The next important sources were Assistance from Government and Borrowing from financial institutions with contributions of 3.4% and 1.1 % respectively. it is found that ,65.6% of the establishments were owned by Hindu entrepreneurs, 12.8% by the followers of Islam. Christians owned 5.2%, Sikhs 0.9%, Jains owned 0.5%, Buddhist 0.5% of the establishments and rest were owned by other religious communities. Different Government Schemes and natives for women empowerment has been given to promote the economic development in post Covid activities.