International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development

International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development

( International Peer Reviewed Open Access Journal ) ISSN [ Online ] : 2581 - 7175

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Analysis of Quality on Construction and Construction Cost

    International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED)

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Published Issue : Volume-4 Issue-1
Year of Publication : 2021
Unique Identification Number : IJSRED-V4I1P117
Authors : Ajay Kumar Shukla, Rakesh Sakale
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Abstract :

It is rightly said that “You get what you Inspect, not what you Expect”. A careful inspection at each stage of construction leads to minimization of error which results in improvement in the quality of construction. If we are talking about construction industry many times contractor didn’t bother about the quality of construction and he didn’t want to appoint the required engineers and lab staff. Main focus is always on Time and Cost whereas Quality is first factor that comes into focus for adjustment. Though it seems like it doesn’t make significant impact but fact is adjustment with quality leads to serious damage technically. Now a days, many of the organization appoint quality control consultant to keep a watch on quality of construction. This is really having good impact on improvement in the quality. But whether this additional cost is justified?In view of this, present research work is carried out in order to understand malpractices during R.C.C. activities, impact of poor quality on construction cost, impact on builders, contractors and customers, relationship between quality and degree of control. For study purpose multi-storeyed building at ‘Amaltas Pvt. Ltd.’ residential scheme, Bhopal is taken into account. For methodology of research, Checklists are prepared which gives idea about base facts of various sub activities of Reinforced cement concrete (R.C.C.). Furthermore Non-conformities/Defects are identified with the help of checklists and final Master sheet is prepared which highlights total Non-conformities/defects, root-causes, impact of Non-conformities/defects on quality and what actions are taken to recover that Non-conformities/defect.After detailed analysis of data, it is mainly observed that Non-conformities/defects go on increasing floor wise. Severity of Non-conformities/Defects also goes on increasing floor wise. From all this it is concluded that major factor for this is degree of control. It shows inverse relation with Quality cost .i.e. as degree of quality control increase, construction cost decreases as maintenance and rework cost related with quality decreases. Quality damage makes negative impact on customers as problems like spalling of concrete, seepage, leakages, cracks, bad aesthetic view etc. which ultimately hampers the reputation of builder and contractor in market and that ultimately causes the failure of upcoming projects.To overcome these problems and to achieve desired quality few recommendations like daily quality assessment report (it includes laboratory testing of the concrete and materials sample also taken into account), training programs for labours etc. are suggested in last section of report.