International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development

International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development


( International Peer Reviewed Open Access Journal ) ISSN [ Online ] : 2581 - 7175

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IJSRED Volume 2 - Issue 2, March - April 2019


Cover-Page
S. No. Title and Authors Name Paper ID
91
Assessment Of Physico-Chemical Properties Of Soil From The Dumpsites of Kafanchan, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
Author(s): D. K,Wunzani, M.S,Dauda, F .W,Abdulrahman, A,Bawa, D.A.A,David
Page(s): 738-743
Abstract

Assessment of physico-chemical properties of soil from solid waste dumpsites in Kafanchan metropolis of Kaduna state, Nigeria was carried out. Representative samples of the solid wastes were collected from three selected dumpsites in Kafanchan metropolis respectively. Control samples were obtained from Government Reserved Area land at about 200m away from the dumpsites, using standard sampling methods. Physical and chemical properties of these samples were assessed after extraction. Classical and Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometric methods were used for the analysis. Results obtained were subjected to statistical analysis for the range, mean, standard deviation and Variance using Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and its shows that, the concentration of most of the parameters were significantly different within the dumpsites. The comparison of the results of the dumpsites and control, shows that, most of the parameters from the dumpsites were higher than that of the control site. Therefore, the soil from the dumpsites are rich with plants micronutrients and macronutrients. Thus, the dumps from the dumpsites can be used as compost for soil amendment..

Keyword: Assessment, Physico-chemical, Properties, Solidwaste, Dumpsites, Micronutrient, Macronutrient and Compost.

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IJSRED

D. K,Wunzani, M.S,Dauda, F .W,Abdulrahman, A,Bawa, D.A.A,David "Assessment Of Physico-Chemical Properties Of Soil From The Dumpsites of Kafanchan, Kaduna State, Nigeria" Vol 2-Issue 2 (738-743) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P91
92
Effect of Stiffness of Different Shapes of Building to Seismic Zones
Author(s): Avantika H. Dahikar, Vinayak D. Vaidya, Valsson Varghese
Page(s): 744-747
Abstract

The objective is to conduct a literature review to provide importance to develop a computational model on which linear / non-linear, static/ dynamic analysis is performed. The first part of this chapter presents a summary of various parameters defining the computational models, the basic assumptions and the geometry of the selected building considered for this study.Analysis of any structure for resisting earthquake is the basic need of this study. In this project analysis of a seismic resistant structure is a need of concern, and thereby establishing a comparison between structures with different plan geometry. Here the study is carried out for the behaviour of G + 5 H shaped buildings. The proposed H shaped building size is 29 x 35 m and also properties are defined for the building structure. The model of the building is created in STAAD Pro software . The properties are defined as per IS 1893: 2002 part1.The seismic zone considered for the model of building are in IV zone and soil type is medium. The modelling of building is done for Indian seismic zone IV IS1893 -2002.For given structure loading with applied loads includes live load, earthquake zone and dead load accordingly .Load consumptions are also provided according to the IS1893(part 1):2002.The analysis is carried out to determine max node, displacement and base shear ,stiffness. After analysis results are obtained in the form of graphs which are in turn observed to form conclusions.

Keyword: - - -.

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IJSRED

Avantika H. Dahikar, Vinayak D. Vaidya, Valsson Varghese "Effect of Stiffness of Different Shapes of Building to Seismic Zones" Vol 2-Issue 2 (744-747) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P92
93
Smart Wheel Chair for Physically Challenged People
Author(s): Sanjana N, Sufia Begum Shaikh, Vidya K, Vinushree H S, Zabiha Khan, Mohammed Elahi
Page(s): 748-753
Abstract

Based on the developing requirement of digitalization, networking, and intellectualization in smart home, an improved scheme of home appliance control system is proposed in this paper. It is focused on the system identification and information security. The software designed for smart phone and PDA(Personal Digital Assistant) based on Android operation system. The communication happens on UDP(User Data Gram Protocol) protocol based on IPv6 for WPAN(Wireless Personnel Area Network). The system helps physically challenged people to control home with click of a button on mobile phone. It provides easier access to their electrical appliances.

Keyword: PDA, UDP, WPAN, IPv6, Security.

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IJSRED

Sanjana N, Sufia Begum Shaikh, Vidya K, Vinushree H S, Zabiha Khan, Mohammed Elahi "Smart Wheel Chair For Physically Challenged People" Vol 2-Issue 2 (748-753) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P93
94
Multilocational Trial On Sammaz Maize (Zea Mays L) Variety On Yield Performance In The Northern Guinea Savannah Zone, Nigeria
Author(s): Mohammed D.Toungos, Mamudu Njodi, Mu’Azu Babayola, H.Kashim
Page(s): 754-788
Abstract

The multilocational field experiment were conducted at Yola and Mubi locations to study the performance of five (5) SAMMAZ Varieties of maize Viz: SAMMAZ 11, SAMMAZ 14, SAMMAZ 15, SAMMAZ 16, and SAMMAZ 17 in the northern guinea savannah zone of Nigeria, during the 2011 cropping season. The experiment was laid in a split plot design with maize varieties as the main plot treatments, while plant population, (53,333, 63,333, 80,000 and 106,666) as the sub-plot treatments. The treatment were replicated three (3) times. Characters measured included plant height, number of leaves per plant, number of days to 50% tasseling, number of day to 50 % silking, days to 95% maturity, stem diameter, length of ear, diameter of ear, number of grains per ear, 100 grain weight, Yield per plot and total grain yield per hectare. The result of the experiments showed that there was significant difference due to varietal effect in plant height at 3 WAS in Yola and at 7 WAS and 9 WAS in Mubi. Variety also affects days to 50% tasseling, days to 50% silking and days to 95% maturity at both locations. Interaction of variety and population affected harvest index in Mubi. Population significantly affected yield per plant, yield per plot, total grain yield per hectare in both locations. Combined analysis result showed highly significant effect due to location on plant height at 3 and 5 WAS and also due to variety, was highly significant at 3 and 5 WAS. Varieties affected number of leaves per plant significantly at 5 and 9 WAS and highly significant at 11 WAS. Location and varieties affected days to 50% tasseling, days to 50 % silking and days to 95% maturity highly significantly while population only affected days to 50% silking significantly. Diameter of ear and harvest index was highly significantly affected by location and significantly on number of grains per row. Varieties affected length of ear significantly. Location affected straw weight per plant highly significantly. SAMMAZ 15 which gave a plant population of 106,666 ha-1is recommended at the two locations.

Keyword: Varieties, Maize, SAMMAZ, tasseling, silking.

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IJSRED

Mohammed D.Toungos, Mamudu Njodi, Mu’Azu Babayola, H.Kashim "Multilocational Trial On Sammaz Maize (Zea Mays L) Variety On Yield Performance In The Northern Guinea Savannah Zone, Nigeria" Vol 2-Issue 2 (754-788) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P94
95
Applying Thesaurus-Based Semantic Compression for Afaan Oromo Text Retrieval
Author(s): Tesfaye Tadele, Debela Tesfaye, Shimelis.S
Page(s): 789-891
Abstract

Nowadays, the amount of information resource available on the Internet and World Wide Web (WWW) is increasing rapidly from day to day. Due to this reason, retrieving the appropriate information from these resources is becoming more and more complex task for information seekers. This situation makes it difficult for the users to identify the relevant information that match their information needs. Like in other languages, there are huge amount of electronic information resources that generate every day in Ethiopian languages.Specially, in Afaan Oromo. The growing amount of information resources are challenging for archival and searching specific information from them. Therefore, developing an effective information retrieval system for Afaan Oromo that allows searching and retrieving relevant documents as per user information needs is important. In an attempt to address this need, researchers have developed some information retrieval systems (IR). However, there is evidence that these IR systems have yet attained any promising system performance. This underperformance can be due to various reasons; the main cause of the IR system underperformance is due to semantic term mismatch or semantic nature of the natural language. Besides this, there has been no attempt made for Afaan Oromo IR (AOIR) system using semantic compression approach. Therefore, to solve these issues, integrating of thesaurus based semantic compression technique with generic IR system will improve performance of AOIR system. In this study, we have developed AOIR using thesaurus based semantic compression approach. The developed prototype has both indexing and searching parts. For experiment, 106 Afaan Oromo text documents collected from news articles, the Afaan Oromo Bible, websites and books by the researchers. Then, different text operations such as; tokenization, normalization, stop word removal and stemming were used to identify content bearing terms. Following this, tf-idf term weighting scheme is used to compute the weight of each content bearing term. Finally, semantic compression is applied in which semantic representation of each term is identified and thesaurus based inverted indexing structure is used in document indexing. The experiment is conducted using two ways, the first experiment is conducted without considering the synonymous search term and the second experiment is conducted by using thesaurus based indexing. From conducted experiment, the average result of 58.451% precision, 78.438% recall, and 61.520% F-measure are registered without thesaurus based semantic compression approach and thesaurus based semantic compression technique showed 71.014%, 89.287% and 77.715% average precision, recall and F-measure respectively. However, the system performance is still affected by the problem of polysemy.Therefore, additional work has recommended in order improving the system performance so that it can advance the AOIR further by using different techniques.

Keyword: information retrieval, indexing, semantic compression, thesaurus.

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IJSRED

Tesfaye Tadele, Debela Tesfaye, Shimelis.S "Applying Thesaurus-Based Semantic Compression for Afaan Oromo Text Retrieval" Vol 2-Issue 2 (789-891) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P95
96
The Symbol of Red Colour in Malaysian Literature in English
Author(s): Murooj Fareed Majeed
Page(s): 892-896
Abstract

Malaysia is a land of natural grace and cultural activity. It is a multicultural and multilingual society. It consists of three groups are the Malays, Chinese, and Indians. Each ethnic group lives and practice their own tradition, religion and culture. The article investigates the symbol of red color according to these different ethnic groups in Malaysia. The colour red has a significant role in the Indian and Chinese cultures, it is associated with their cultures. This article shows the importance of red for these ethnic groups in Malaysia since Malaysia is a multi-cultural country where people of Indian and Chinese origin live in, and also will clarify whether these groups have succeeded in bringing their cultures to Malaysia ,specifically the importance of red colour through the Malaysian novels in English ."The Rice Mother' ,"Evening Is The Whole Day", "The Garden Of Evening Mist".

Keyword: Malaysia ,Red, angpow, Indian, Chinese, Kumkum.

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IJSRED

Murooj Fareed Majeed "The Symbol of Red Colour in Malaysian Literature in English" Vol 2-Issue 2 (892-896) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P96
97
DG Connection Protection Based on Wavelet and Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Combination Method
Author(s): Ehsan Gharibreza, Mohammad Yousefikia
Page(s): 892-896
Abstract

In recent years, distributed generation has been expanding rapidly. Selection of the capacity and location of DGs has the benefits of improving power quality and reducing losses. In addition, many governments look at this with the aim of attracting private capital. Hence, capital maintaining and security of the investment is important for investors, and it is necessary to minimize the time of diagnosis and troubleshooting when the fault occurs, in order to get the best from the facilities. This paper is used WANFIS, which is presented as a combination of wavelet transform and ANFIS method. It is available to determine a fault in the connecting cable between generator and power supply at the shortest possible time. The proposed method was examined on a prototype network and the results show the accuracy of 94% in the correct diagnosis.

Keyword: Distributed Generation, Protection, Wavelet transform, Fuzzy algorithm, Signal processing.

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IJSRED

Ehsan Gharibreza, Mohammad Yousefikia "DG Connection Protection Based on Wavelet and Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Combination Method" Vol 2-Issue 2 (897-902) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P97
98
Design and Fabrication of Microstrippatch Antenna for Textile Applications
Author(s): Prasad.M, Praveen.C.S, Nithesh kumar.R, Ramya P
Page(s): 903-908
Abstract

Utilization of wearable textile materials as antenna substrate has been speedy due to the recent miniaturization of wireless devices. A wearable antenna is to be a part of the clothing used for wireless communication purposes, which include tracking and navigation, mobile and wearable computing and public safety. For user convenience there is an increasing need for integrating antennas on or in the clothing. The conventional antennas are not flexible and difficult for user to movements. There is a need of antennas made of flexible textile materials that can be part of user clothing defined as wearable antennas. Here at 2.45 GHz frequency patch antenna is designed and simulated using ADS.

Keyword: - - -.

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IJSRED

Prasad.M, Praveen.C.S, Nithesh kumar.R, Ramya P "Design and Fabrication of Microstrippatch Antenna for Textile Applications" Vol 2-Issue 2 (903-908) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P98
99
Performance Assessment of Grid Connected 1.1 MWP Solar Photo Voltaic Plant in India
Author(s): Shiv Kumar Tripathi
Page(s): 909-915
Abstract

The growing and developing nations, increased demand of power and limited availability of fossil sources triggered towards a sources who is purely clean green and also available in large amount . Solar energy is becoming a key option of clean and green source of energy all over the World. Many solar plants have been installed in India with different geographical sites. Investigation on the performance of solar power plants is important and initial key for installation of plant. Knowledge about the performance analysis of solar power plants result will provide correct investment decisions for installation. In this paper we examine the various parameter which is contributing to the performance of solar power plants, such as solar panel design , temperature, radiation, inverter efficiency, degradation due to aging and other climatic conditions. In this paper, performance of 1.1 MWp solar photo voltaic plant evaluated presented with the use of the computer software package PVSyst.. The performance ratio and the various power losses (solar irradiation, different type of module loss, temperature, Module soiling, AC and DC losses, cable and wiring loss etc) are calculated .Also evaluate the performance of plant in terms of different type of plant running losses like generation loss due to grid unavailability system breakdown, inverter breakdown. The use of appropriate performance parameters facilitates the comparison of grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems that may differ with respect to solar panel design, modern technology and different geographic location. Five performance parameters evaluated that for overall system performance with respect to the energy generation, available solar radiation, and overall effect of system losses are the following: generation analysis, inverter loss analysis, inverter efficiency, system loss analysis and performance ratio analysis These performance parameters are discussed for their suitability in providing desired information for PV system design and performance evaluation . Also discussed are methodologies for determining system a.c. power ratings in the design phase using multipliers developed from measured performance parameters. This paper work shows the performance analysis of grid connected 1.1 MWp solar PV plant at Shivagangai dist. Tamilnadu.

Keyword: Solar energy, Solar photovoltaics, Solar radiation, Solar power plant, Performance analysis.

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IJSRED

Shiv Kumar Tripathi "Performance Assessment of Grid Connected 1.1 MWP Solar Photo Voltaic Plant in India" Vol 2-Issue 2 (909-915) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P99
100
Analysis of Fatigue Crack Propagation Life in a Single Edged Notched Beam Using FEA
Author(s): Bhushan Sunil Jawale
Page(s): 916-921
Abstract

In present fast pace product development scenario, validated FEA simulations are considered to be one of the reliable source of preliminary fatigue life estimation. FEA simulations may not prove to be a complete replacement to the fatigue testing but they can provide a detailed insight into the fatigue damage phenomenon. Present study demonstrates the finite element methodology adopted for accurate prediction of fatigue life of a mild steel plate with notch at the centre. In the present investigation an attempt has been made to develop a fatigue life prediction methodology by using an FEA in single edge notched (SEN) beams. Also the relationship between load and fatigue life, and stress ratio to fatigue life was determined for actual behaviour of SEN beams under cyclic loading.

Keyword: - - - .

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IJSRED

Bhushan Sunil Jawale "Analysis of Fatigue Crack Propagation Life in a Single Edged Notched Beam Using FEA" Vol 2-Issue 2 (916-921) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P100
101
A Study on Learning Perceptions among Computer Science and Engineering Graudates
Author(s): Dr.N.R.Ananthanarayanan
Page(s): 922-925
Abstract

In today’s world the professor role is to teach students the art of computer programming language, where students has to learn and execute programs in their laptop or systems. The professor has to manually prepare program code and ask the students to execute the code in their laptops. The professor has to teach students with the talk and chalk methodology in the class and giving program demo in the lab sessions. The advances in the field of Information and Communication Technology has penetrated the academic levels to reach globally, where in the professor can write / edit the teaching material sent to the students through mail or by any learning tools which are available with the professor. The trends in the field of information technology where learning content can digitized, stored and sent to the students at any point of time. Keeping this in mind a software is developed to upload the learning content by the professor wherein the students can download the content and read the material. The software developed is known as knowledge learn.

Keyword: ICT, Knowledge Learn, Learning Content.

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IJSRED

Dr.N.R.Ananthanarayanan "A Study on Learning Perceptions among Computer Science and Engineering Graudates" Vol 2-Issue 2 (922-927) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P101
102
Evaluation of Quality Assurance Procedures and Radiation Safety in Ruthenium-106 (Ru -106) based Ophthalmic Plaque (Manual) Brachytherapy
Author(s): Ashish Binjola, V. Subramani, S. Megha Singh, Seema Sharma, S. Pathy, N. Lomi
Page(s): 806-813
Abstract

Clayey soil is known for its high swell potential and low shear strength. Ultrasonic pulse velocity test was performed on compacted clayey soil while studying experimentally, the relationship between Velocity, Max. dry density, Optimum Moisture content, Time with varying percentage of admixtures. The soil sample was collected from Davanagere and addition to that, different percentages of admixture was added to find the variation in its density. In this paper density was determined by Standard proctor test and for the sample Ultrasonic pulse velocity test was conducted to determine p-waves. This method is fast and simple approach for determining the characteristics of compacted stabilized soil. This is a non destructive method used as an alternative to existing methods to analyse laboratory or semi field compacted soils. The empirical equations proposed in this study for predicting density, water content, velocity is encouraging.

Keyword: Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity, Wave Velocity, Water Content, Maximum Dry Density.

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IJSRED

Ashish Binjola, V. Subramani, S. Megha Singh, Seema Sharma, S. Pathy, N. Lomi "Evaluation of Quality Assurance Procedures and Radiation Safety in Ruthenium-106 (Ru -106) based Ophthalmic Plaque (Manual) Brachytherapy" Vol 2-Issue 3 (806-813) May - June 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P102
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