International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development
( International Peer Reviewed Open Access Journal ) ISSN [ Online ] : 2581 - 7175
IJSRED Volume 2 - Issue 4, July - August 2019
Cover-Page 1 Cover-Page 2
|S. No.||Title and Authors Name||Paper ID|
Characterization Of Monolithic Column Methacrylate Polymer Based Modified By Dietylamine And Dimetylamine
Author(s): Robi Prasmi Kardi, Sri Benti Etika, Hary Sanjaya, Budhi Oktavia
The monolithic methacrylate polymer-based column has higher polarity and better stability in work in a wide range of acidity (pH) degrees so that it can be used as an alternative stationary phase in ion chromatography. Therefore, in this study monolithic columns made in fused silica capillary column by in situ polymerization reaction using glicydil methacrylate as monomers; ethylene dimethacrylate as a crosslinker; 1-propanol, 1,4-butanadiol and water as porogen; diethylamine (DEA) and dimethylamine (DMA) as modifiers. The monolithic column that has been polymerized, the morphological form will be characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), the functional group is characterized by the Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy (FTIR). Monolithic columns have good mechanical stability with permeability 9.88 x 10 -7 mL/m for modification of diethylamine and for modification of dimethylamine 10.5 x10 -7 mL/m..
Keyword: Monolithic column, polymer based methacrylates, ion chromatography.×
Robi Prasmi Kardi, Sri Benti Etika, Hary Sanjaya, Budhi Oktavia "Characterization Of Monolithic Column Methacrylate Polymer Based Modified by Dietylamine and Dimetylamine" Vol 2-Issue 4 (386-391) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.×
Effect of the Safety of Chitosan Additive to Biodegradable Plastic Quality Based on Cellulose of Bacterial Glycerol from Coconut Water (Cocos Nucifera)
Author(s): Riska Andriani, Ananda Putra
Plastics are the most widely used polymer in life and cause global plastic pollution in the marine environment. Therefore research was conducted with the aim of making biodegradable plastics by utilizing bacterial cellulose produced by Acetobacter xylinum coconut water media with the addition of plasticizers namely 3.5% glycerol in the fermentation medium and soaking using additives namely chitosan with a concentration of 2%, 4%, 6%, and 10% on bacterial cellulose glycerol that has been formed. Bacterial cellulose fermentation was carried out to form a thickness of 0.5-1 cm and soaking bacterial cellulose glycerol in chitosan for 3 days. Plastic cellulose glycerol bacterial chitosan produced was characterized using water content test, tensile strength test, and crystallinity test (X-Ray). The test results of water content on chitosan bacterial cellulose glycerol plastic, the higher the concentration of chitosan, the smaller the percentage value of water content. The mechanical test results showed an increase in the value of tensile strength with the higher concentration of chitosan used. Analysis of the degree of crystallinity shows that immersion using chitosan can reduce crystalline percentage.
Keyword: Biodegradable Plastic, Coconut Water, Bacterial Cellulose Glycerol, Cellulose Glycerol, Bacterial Chitosan, Chitosan.×
Riska Andriani, Ananda Putra "Effect of the Safety of Chitosan Additive to Biodegradable Plastic Quality Based on Cellulose of Bacterial Glycerol from Coconut Water (Cocos Nucifera" Vol 2-Issue 4 (392-396) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.×
A Study On Prevalence Of Calf Coccidiosis in Debre Birhan Veterinary Clinic, Centeral Ethiopi
Author(s): Ermias Gebeyehu
Cross-sectional study was conducted in Debre Birhan veterinary clinic from November 2016 to March 2016 with the objective of determining the prevalence and associated risk factors of infection in calves. Faecal samples were collected from a total of 384 calves less than 24 month of age and examined for the oocysts of coccidian. Detailed information of the origin, age, sex, breed, management system, hygienic status and faecal consistency were obtained. Centrifugal faecal floatation technique using salt solution was used to detect coccidian oocyst. From the total calves included 118 calves were demonstrated for the presence of coccidian infection. Coccidian oocyst was detected in calves from 1 to 2 year of age but greater prevalence was observed in age categories less than 6 month of age. Statistically significant association (p<0.05) between prevalence of coccidiosis and origin, age, faecal consistency, hygienic status and management system was observed in the study. However, there was no statistically significant association (p>0.05) with sex and breed. Based on this study coccidianinfection has a great significance for the livestock producer so it needs a serious control and preventive programs.
Keyword: Debre Birhan, Centrifugal fecal floatation, Coccidiosis, Oocyst, Prevalence.×
Ermias Gebeyehu "A Study on Prevalence Of Calf Coccidiosis in Debre Birhan Veterinary Clinic, Centeral Ethiopia" Vol 2-Issue 4 (397-429) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.×
Formulation, Evaluation and Optimization of Fast Disintegrating Nifedipine 20 mg tablet by using Super Disintegrants
Author(s): Jameel Abbas, Patel Huzaifa, Z.E. Inamdar, Mohd Farooque, Makrani Shahrukh, Dr. Sadequa Parveen, Dr. Shaikh Muzaffar Ahmed
Tablet among the all dosage form is the common one and in the Pharmacy it is the mother of Pharmacy. Generally tablet are accepted in all category of patient. In children Dispersible form and in female for virginal infection virginal form are the preferred. The most common preferred route is oral rout of administration. In ancient Ayurveda, Unani, Greek, Egyptian remedies drug in the form of Churna, Bhasma, Gutika, Araka, are administered though oral rout. Pills which are coated by natural resinous material are administered in the form of tablet through oral rout.Today oro-dispersible tablet from novel drug delivery system gain importance from patient. Which is administer to the patient to control the various immediate action viz. attack of angina or hypertension in cardiac problems. Orodispersible tablet gets dispersed in oral cavity in absence of water and release fast drug which result fast pharmacological action. In the market drug from Analgesic, Antipyretic, Antihypertensive and many more are available in the form of the orodispersible tablet. Various manufacture are formulated this formulation by various method. The most importance thing in this formulation are masking of taste of drugs. Generally oro-dispersible tablet are prepared by direct compression method. Dry granulation, wet granulation, Spry drying is the various methods for preparation of oro-dispersible tablet. Oro-dispersible tablet generally contains filler, glidant, anti-adherent super disintegrate, Flavoring agent sweetener and resins. Evaluation parameter includes hardness, friability, wetting time, moisture uptake, disintegration test, and dissolution test. Wetting time, Disintegration time, and Dissolution test is directly proportional to the hydrophobic ingredient added for lubrication, anti-adherent, Glidant action. These hydrophobic ingredient are Magnesium Stearate. To oppose the action of magnesium stearate, hydrophilic additives are incorporated viz Sodium lauryl sulphate.From Marketing point of view special Marketing Executive team required to promote the new technique , new formulation with demonstration to the Cardiac Surgeon, Pediatrics, Orthopedics, Gynecologists, Ophthalmologists, Urologist. After demonstration that how to use the Orodispersible tablet these marketing team personally serve to the new admitted patients.
Keyword: Oro-dispersible tablet, wetting time, Dissolution test.×
Jameel Abbas, Patel Huzaifa, Z.E. Inamdar, Mohd Farooque, Makrani Shahrukh, Dr. Sadequa Parveen, Dr. Shaikh Muzaffar Ahmed "Formulation, Evaluation and Optimization of Fast Disintegrating Nifedipine 20 mg tablet by using Super Disintegrants" Vol 2-Issue 4 (430-438) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.×
The Role of Climate Change in Conflict in Africa
Author(s): Carolyne Kathure Njiru, Mutheu Immaculate, Adhiambo Audrey
How has climate change affected the dynamics of conflicts in Africa? Existing exploration demonstrates that climate change can build the danger of conflicts or essentially adjust the elements of existing conflicts. This article addresses the issue in regard to the primary efficient audit of both quantitative and qualitative methods. We assess the degree the literature gives coherent clarifications that distinguish important systems, actors, and results. The article discusses contribution of climate change to violence in African citing different examples and specific situations where climatic factors impacts lead to conflict. The effect of environmental change is progressively explained as one of the most genuine security threats in future and a far more prominent risk to the world's stability than terrorism. For a few, current clashes for instance in Darfur may be partly because of climatical change. It is contended that environmental change incorporates the danger of reshaping the landscape, worsening sustenance, water and vitality shortages and adding to destabilization, unregulated populace developments and tension. Regardless of whether natural changes actuate expanded challenge between users of scarce resources. Drawing on recent instances on conflicts between pastoralist communities in eastern Africa, the move from expanded challenge over resources to open conflict relies on existing adapting limits of social orders and the strategies, establishments and procedures that characterize access to resources.
Keyword: Conflict, Climate Change .×
Carolyne Kathure Njiru, Mutheu Immaculate, Adhiambo Audrey "The Role of Climate Change in Conflict in Africa" Vol 2-Issue 4 (439-450) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.×
Intangible Heritage of Bamboo and Cane Crafts is in Stake: A Study of Selective Blocks of Malda
Author(s): Tanusree Roy
India is famous for its cultural legacy. The Indian state of West Bengal also has a rich traditional and artistic heritage.Malda has also its intangible cultural legacy with artistic styles and techniques. The blocks mainly Gajole, Bamongola and Habibpur of Malda district represent the backward classes. Basically the tribal backward classes specially the Mahali community earn their livelihood by making handicrafts from canes and bambooes. Lack of interest for upgradation of their situations, unawareness, lack of co-operation are certain drawbacks. Therefore, Government’s co-operation making traditional hubs, spreading of knowledge for upliftment of the skill are some of the major strokes to protect over the primitively cultural legacy.
Keyword: Heritage, Handicraft, Deep-rooted elements, Village festivals, Craft hubs.×
Tanusree Roy "Intangible Heritage of Bamboo and Cane Crafts is in Stake: A Study of Selective Blocks of Malda" Vol 2-Issue 4 (451-455) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.×
Author(s): Filadelfia Passos Rodrigues, Fabio Rocha Fernandes Tavora, Victor Camarao Porto, Victor S.M.de A.Meireles, Camila Sousa M. de A. Meireles
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare, systemic disease of unknown etiology, which is devastating to women of reproductive age, with a variable course of non-specific symptoms common to many respiratory diseases, and with a poor prognosis. Because it is a rare disease, little is known about its pathogenesis and treatment. It is important to record confirmed cases to have more information on its clinical course.
Keyword: - - -.×
Filadelfia Passos Rodrigues, Fabio Rocha Fernandes Tavora, Victor Camarao Porto, Victor S.M.de A.Meireles, Camila Sousa M. de A. Meireles "Lymphangioleiomyomatosis" Vol 2-Issue 4 (456-460) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.×
Analysis of Edge Detection by Using Phase Stretch Transform (PST) and Canny Algorithms
Author(s): Thida Soe, Soe Soe Mon, Khin Aye Thu
One of the important objectives of image processing is to interpret the content of image efficiently and finds the meaningful and significant information from it. Edge detection is one of the most frequently used operations in image analysis. If the edges of images could be recognized accurately, all of the objects can be located efficiently and performance can be measured easily. It reduces the complexity of image processing algorithms by reducing the amount of data to be processed .The quality of image is affected when there is a jump in intensity from one pixel to another. Thus important objective is to detect an edge while preserving the important structural properties of an image. There are several types of algorithm to detect the edges. In this paper, the analysis is done on Canny and Phase Stretch Transform (PST) Algorithms. (PST) Algorithm transforms the image by emulating the propagation of light through a physical medium with specific warped diffractive property. We show that the output phase of the transform reveals transitions in image intensity and can be used for edge detection.To evaluate the effectiveness of the methods illustrated, we have used the PSNR and MSE.
Keyword: Edge detection, Canny, Phase Stretch Transform (PST), MSE, PSNR.×
Thida Soe, Soe Soe Mon, Khin Aye Thu "Analysis of Edge Detection by Using Phase Stretch Transform (PST) and Canny Algorithms" Vol 2-Issue 4 (461-466) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.×
China-Kenya Economic Engagement: A Win-Win
Author(s): Abdullahi Hussein Ali, Maximiliano Filardi,Elham Abdulaziz
With the recent trends of bilateral relations of China with African countries there is a wave of plenty of questions as to whether these relations are of equal benefit. The Chinese presence in Kenya has offered a unique stability in Kenya’s economic and political stability. Nonetheless, the introductions of Chinese firms and products have “raised the bar” for the local industries which struggle to compete in terms of prices and efficiency. The objective of this study is to assess whether the relations between Kenya and China are a win-win situation or not. The study concludes that the China-Kenya relations are beneficial for both; however they yield more profits to China, and more question marks to Kenya. The paper observes that this means that there is room for more development, and hence the study suggests on how Kenya should maximize on these opportunities in order to achieve growth..
Keyword: - - -.×
Abdullahi Hussein Ali, Maximiliano Filardi,Elham Abdulaziz "China-Kenya Economic Engagement: A Win-Win" Vol 2-Issue 4 (467-480) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.×
Impact of Human Character and Information System on Corruption Risk in Nigeria
Author(s): Sunday C. Agu, Ifeyinwa Ajah, Walter E. Ibe
Different strategies have been deployed to fight corruption such as e-governance, big-data and open-data, block chain technology, anti-corruption policy on conflict of interest rules, asset declaration, and so on. A pertinent question is, can these strategies count much when there are doubts in human inherent character? Addressing human character first would mean that the preceding research findings on anti corruption practices would be driven by cultured and good character oriented administrative personnel which in turn would address corruption risk and poverty. Hence, the research investigated the impacts of human character as a primary factor on corruption free governance and the use of information system for determining, based on human character, whether a candidate for any administrative position is a corruption risk before being elected or appointed. Questionnaires were used for collecting data. After the analysis of the data using SPSS, the paper revealed that using human character as the first check to mitigate corruption risk via information system positively impacted on corruption free governance..
Keyword: Human character, Information system, Corruption, Election, Appointment, Poverty.×
Sunday C. Agu, Ifeyinwa Ajah, Walter E. Ibe "Impact of Human Character and Information System on Corruption Risk in Nigeria" Vol 2-Issue 4 (481-485) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.×